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How to install Moodle on Ubuntu 16.04


Moodle is an open-source Learning Managment System (LMS) and it has become one of the most popular LMSs among educators around the world as a tool for creating single robust, secure and integrated system that can help you create personalized learning environments and online courses as a dynamic website. to work, it needs to be installed on a server or a web hosting service.

Moodle is built by the Moodle project which is led and coordinated by Moodle HQ, which is financially supported by a network of over 80 Moodle Partner service companies worldwide.

Moodle Logo

Install PHP 7.0

You can easily install PHP 7 and the needed dependencies with the command below:

apt-get install php7.0 php7.0-curl php7.0-gd php7.0-intl php7.0-ldap php7.0-mysql php7.0-pspell php7.0-xml php7.0-xmlrpc php7.0-zip php7.0-common php7.0-opcache php7.0-mbstring php7.0-soap

Install Apache

Obviously, in order to serve our Moodle, we need a web server. we are going to install Apache as our web server:

apt-get install apache2

After the installation process is finished, you have to start and enable the Apache service with following commands:

systemctl enable apache2

systemctl start apache2

for setting the correct DocumentRoot, open your Apache configuration file with the command below:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

Find the line that refers to “DocumentRoot” and change it like below:

DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/moodle/"

Then restart Apache service to take effect:

systemctl restart apache2

Install and configure MariaDB

Execute the following command to install MariaDB and its service:

apt-get install mariadb-server

Start and enable the service:

systemctl start mysql

systemctl enable mysql

Configure MariaDB

In order to get your MariaDB to be compatible with Moodle, you need to enable “InnoDB” engine.

Open MariaDB configuration file with your text editor:

nano /etc/mysql/mariadb.cnf

Add the following lines at the very end of the file:

default-character-set = utf8mb4

innodb_file_format = Barracuda
innodb_file_per_table = 1

character-set-server = utf8mb4
collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci

default-character-set = utf8mb4

Then save and exit.

Restart MariaDB service to take effect:

systemctl restart mysql

Create Database and User for Moodle

In this section, we are going to create a Database for Moodle and a user who have the privileges.

Log in to your MariaDB as root user with the following command:

mysql -u root -p

Issue the following command to create a database (replace the red parts with your own values):

 > create database moodle;

Create a user with full privileges on Moodle database:

 > grant all privileges on moodle.* to 'admin'@'localhost' identified by 'password';

It’s done, you can log out with the following command:

 > quit

Download and install Moodle

You can download the latest stable version of Moodle with the following command:


Execute the following command to extract the files to the correct path:

tar xvzf moodle-latest-34.tgz -C /var/www/html/

Set Apache as the owner of the whole DocumentRoot:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/

Installing Moodle

Now you have to open your browser and enter your Domain or your Public IP Address, you should see a page like below:

Moodle Setup: Choose a Language

Choose your language and hit next to proceed.

Hit next button on the next page as well to proceed to the following page:

Moodle Setup: Choose Database Driver

Make sure to choose “MariaDB” as the type, then hit “Next” to proceed.

On the following page, you need to enter some information, make sure to replace the red part with your own values and the green parts exactly like the picture:

Moodle Setup: Database Information

It’s done you can proceed with the installation process it could take a few seconds.
For more information and news you can visit Moodle official website!

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